What determined social status in ancient Greece?
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That status of women in this social system was automatically determined by the status of their husbands or fathers. However, they couldn’t take part in public life. Therefore, while a woman might be of the upper class because of her husband or father, she couldn’t hold land or serve in politics.
What did merchants do in ancient Greece?
Merchants were traders in ancient Greece. They owned boats or rented cargo space on other boats. Merchants, known as metrics, were often foreigners. A metric did not have the same rights as a citizen of a city-state.
What did merchants do in ancient Rome?
The Romans defined merchants or traders in a very narrow sense. Merchants were those who bought and sold goods, while landowners who sold their own produce were not classed as merchants. Being a landowner was a “respectable” occupation.
Were there merchants in ancient Greece?
Merchant ships were built to carry more goods. As merchants sailed across the sea, they would stop at various trading posts. While there, they bought and sold their goods before moving on with their journey. One of the most powerful cities in Greece was Athens.
Why was ancient Greece dependent on trade?
Ancient Greece relied heavily on imported goods. Their economy was defined by that dependence. Agricultural trade was of great importance because the soil in Greece was of poor quality which limited crop production.
Why was trade important to the Romans?
The Romans traded goods throughout their Empire. By importing goods from other countries they raised their standard of living and were able to have many luxuries. They imported dyes to colour their clothes from the south-eastern part of their Empire and also spices to flavour their food. …
How did merchants travel in ancient time?
Answer: Merchants had to pay tolls at certain points along the road and at key points like bridges or mountain passes so that only luxury goods were worth transportation over long distances. In areas that were remote, small trading posts and a few peddlers supplied the inhabitants with the goods they needed.
What was the role of merchants in the Middle Ages?
Merchants in the middle ages engaged in fierce confrontations over trade routes, through which they brought in good such as silk, perfumes, foods and spices. The Crusades, some of the bloodiest wars of the middle ages were not just about religion, they were also about different groups of merchants seeking to gain control of the major trade routes.
What is the difference between a merchant and a peasant?
Merchants earned a position as those who worked, but their social standing was certainly much higher than that of the peasants. As the peasants toiled in the field and the lords made merry in their castles, the merchants in the middle ages were busy travelling across the Mediterranean and Europe.
What was the relationship between merchants and nobility like?
Notably, the nobility were particularly disdainful of the merchants who, in the eyes of the nobility, were perceived as misers. The nobility’s behavior was in contrast to that of the merchants; the noblemen were known to be spendthrifts while the merchants were keen on calculating the losses and profits of their trade.
What problems were faced by the merchants in the 19th century?
Although the commercial activities of merchants gave rise to commercial cities and towns, these towns began to face unprecedented problems. These problems are similar to those faced by modern day urban cities; they included contagious disease, overcrowding and crime.